can only claim to have an excellent error rate of 9% for both false
positive and false negative if a strict procedure with the autonomic
challenge is followed and noted in the report. This research, done
at the Pasteur Institute in Marseilles France in 1976, used over
3,000 case studies. It developed 5 categories with their corresponding
risk for confirming malignancy. Note here that no other screening
tool be it Mammography, Ultra-sound or skill palpation can tell
with 100% accuracy if a cell is malignant. Only a histology report
from a biopsy has that accuracy. The following are the 5 categories
of the Marseilles Classification.
o TH-2 Benign Thermogram
o TH-3 Suspicious
or atypical features (<10%)*
o TH-4 Thermogram
with one criterion for
oTH-5 Thermogram with
several criteria for
*Risk of confirming malignancy
In preparation for imaging it is important to instruct the patient
to not be on their menstrual period. The week after is ideal but
it is best not to be menstruating or a few days before if possible.
This rule of thumb is excluded for menopausal women who have an
outbreak of spotting. They should be instructed to not to apply
deodorants or lotions or progesterone creams to the upper body.
No caffeine should be consumed for 5 hours before acquiring images.
2. Patient is unclothed from the waste up , with
arms behind neck for five minutes, in a room 68° F to 70°
3. Images of all views of the breasts are taken
availing views of the frontal, left and right sides of the chest.
4. Patient hold their hands in cold water or ice
for one minute (the autonomic challenge).
5. Post challenge images are acquired as before
COMPARISON OF MAMMOGRAPHY TO THERMOGRAPHY
Mammography is looking for physical physical changes (a lump) and
has a 40% false negative and 80% false positive rate. It detects
micro-calcifications, has a 20% accuracy in diagnosing DCIS but
80% it is simply benign calcium deposits. In the case of DCIS only
2% are active cancer the rest may go their life without moving outside
Thermography is a physiological evaluation and sees changes in the
breasts year earlier than a lump can be detected by mammography
or skilled palpation. It has a 9% error rate for both false positive
and false negative.
DR. JOHN GOFFMAN M.D. PHD
Head of Radiology Board at UC Berkeley
In his book: Preventing Breast Cancer
“Our estimate is that about three-quarters
of the current annual incidence of breast cancer in the United States
is being caused by earlier ionizing radiation, primarily from medical
Second edition 1996
C.N.R. Book Division
Committee for Nuclear Responsibility, Inc.
San Francisco, CA 94142 U.S.A.